Epistemic Democracy – following the crowd’s knowledge

Jón Ólafsson


During the democratic awakening in Iceland during and after the financial crisis of 2008 it was evident that different groups based their demands for more or deeper democracy on different conceptions of democracy. Yet their demands had a common core: more democracy meant greater public influence on policy- and decision-making. Thus public discussion insisted on a conception of democracy according to which public consultation is a necessary part of democratic governance. This paper discusses different kinds of consultation depending on the particular demands in each case with particular emphasis on epistemic democracy. I argue that even though it can hardly be said that epistemic democracy is based on much empirical evidence yet, its approach is the most promising way to think about future democratic.


Epistemic democracy; constitutional council; constitution; Iceland; crisis.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.13177/irpa.a.2016.12.2.15


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