Icelandic National Culture in Relation to Hofstede´s Five Dimensions


  • Gylfi Dalmann Aðalsteinsson
  • Svala Guðmundsdóttir
  • Þórhallur Guðlaugsson



Nationalculture, VSM 94, cultural dimensions.


According to the cultural literature, societies are composed from many different culturally dissimilar countries (Hofstede, 2001; House et al., 2004). Geert Hofstede is one of many researchers who had developed a method to measure national culture. His research on national culture has had a great impact on how we understand and measure different culture differences. The purpose of this research is to investigate the characteristics of Icelandic national culture and compare with Bearden (2006) findings, where data was used from university students from four countries, Argentina, Austria, Japan and USA. In this study undergraduate students from the school of Social Science at the University of Iceland were asked to answer a questionnaire (VSM 94) and a total of 427 responses were usable with the response rate of 15%. According to the results, Icelandic national culture can be characterized by low power distance (PDI), high individualism (IDV), low masculinity (MAS), high uncertainty-avoidance (UAI) and average long-term orientation (LTO).

Author Biographies

Gylfi Dalmann Aðalsteinsson

Docent Professor of HRM, University of Iceland.

Svala Guðmundsdóttir

Adjunct Professor at the Reykjavík University.

Þórhallur Guðlaugsson

Docent Professor at the University of Iceland.



How to Cite

Aðalsteinsson, G. D., Guðmundsdóttir, S., & Guðlaugsson, Þórhallur. (2011). Icelandic National Culture in Relation to Hofstede´s Five Dimensions. Icelandic Review of Politics & Administration, 7(2), 353–368.



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