Servant leadership and research in Iceland


  • Sigrún Gunnarsdóttir
  • Birna Gerður Jónsdóttir



Servant leadership, intrinsic motivation, trust, power.


Servant leadership is a philosophy that sheds a new light on theories on management and leadership. Particular emphasis is on service as founded on ethics and accountability with focus on the greater good prior to narrow interests. The pioneer of the philosophy is Robert K. Greenleaf. The main characteristics of servant leadership are intrinsic interest in others, inner strength and foresight. Research on the topic has increased the past years and results show that the philosophy is positively linked to corporate social responsibility, profit as well as staff wellbeing and trust in relations. Recent studies indicate that the philosophy can be beneficial for Icelandic society. To explore this further eight surveys have been conducted in different workplaces, years 2008 – 2012. Staff views towards servant leadership of next superior were investigated using a recent Dutch instrument, SLS. Job satisfaction was measured and the link towards staff views on servant leadership. Key findings are presented showing that staff views indicate somewhat high levels of servant leadership and the highest scores are for the factors on empowerment and accountability among next superiors. Job satisfaction is overall measured high and significantly linked to servant leadership supporting prior research in other countries. Findings from the Icelandic surveys provide potentials for successful management and leadership in local workplaces but further analysis is in the process as well as comparison towards findings from other countries.

Author Biographies

Sigrún Gunnarsdóttir

Docent professor of Health Sciences, University of Iceland.

Birna Gerður Jónsdóttir

MS, midwife and nurse.



How to Cite

Gunnarsdóttir, S., & Jónsdóttir, B. G. (2013). Servant leadership and research in Iceland. Icelandic Review of Politics & Administration, 9(2), 415–438.



Peer Reviewed Articles